Referrer URL if available: A Court in Germany ordered that access to certain items in the Project Gutenberg collection are blocked from Germany.
The Inuit kayak that in appeared at the coast of eastern Scotland, near Aberdeen. In the year a strange vision appeared on the sea near Aberdeeneastern Scotland Mikkelsen The upper half of a human body moved with relatively high speed across the sea surface towards the shore.
When the feature approached the beach, it became possible to se that it was a strange looking man sitting in a low and narrow boat, a kayak.
The man was extremely exhausted and unfortunately died tree days later. His kayak with hunting equipment was placed hanging in the nearby church as a kind of rare trophy. When the church later was demolished, the kayak with its hunting equipment was transferred to the Aberdeen Medico-Chirurgical Societywhere it still is exhibited.
There are many indications of the existence of an enhanced thermal high pressure over the Greenland Ice Sheet during the Little Ice Age. Presumably, northerly and north-westerly winds along East Greenland would then have been stronger than now, blowing cold arctic water and sea ice across a substantial part of the North Atlantic.
Even though it will never be known for sure how the Inuit actually managed to arrive in Scotland, one possibility would be that he was able to survive with his kayak directly because of the high number of drifting ice floes across the North Atlantic.
Seals may have been frequent within areas with much drifting ice, providing a source for food. Taking the boat up on large floes would have enabled him to dry the kayak from time to time, which is necessary to keep the boat watertight.
The topmost part of old, thick sea ice floes is less salty than newly formed sea ice, and may have provided him with a source of drinking water.
It has been suggested that this Inuit with his kayak was kidnapped by European whalers and brought across the North Atlantic on their ship. Shortly before arriving back home in Europe the whalers supposedly got nervous about public reaction to their deed, and therefore left the unfortunate Inuit in his kayak at sea, somewhere near the coast.
The fact that the kayak was intact, including all fine pieces of the hunting equipment, however, speaks against this interpretation. Moreover, a similar explanation would be needed in three other known cases during the 17th century, where Inuits in kayaks has come to land or was found at sea near the Outer Hebrides Whatever is the correct explanation for these extraordinary events, all known Inuit landings in Scotland and England took place between andwhich corresponds to the coldest interval of the Little Ice Age.
Click here to jump back to the list of contents. Vitus Jonassen Bering left. The ship Svyator Gavriil under sail centre.
Map showing Bering's expeditions between Sibiria and Alaska right. The expedition followed the coast of Kanchatka towards NW Alaska. Unfortunately, he was usually to busy fighting his neighbours and modernizing Russia to pay much attention to the eastern part of his huge empire.
In the Danish navigator Vitus Jonassen Bering was ordered to organize an expedition to sail along the coast north from Kamchatka, and explore and map the area where that coast came nearest to America. Vitus Bering was 43 years old and had been in the service of the Russian Navy sincewhere he actually was better known as Ivan Ivanovich.
Bering was a gifted administrator and rapidly organized the expedition, which involved transport of 30 men and 50 wagons of baggage and equipment overland for mostly road less 8, km from St.
Petersburg to the Sea of Okhotsk, and on to the east coast of Kamchatka.
In the Kamchatka River the expedition ship Svyator Gavriil had to be build. The expedition left on 13 Julyand sailed up along the coast in northeasterly direction.
In bad visibility they sailed through the strait which James Cook 50 years later named after Beiring. The expedition proceeded northeast without seeing land. It was agreed to proceed for three more days to see if land or solid sea ice was met. Neither land or sea ice was met, and the expedition turned back shortly beyond 67oN on 16 August Had Vitus Bering been a more determined explorer and therefore pressed on in the ice-free ocean, the expedition would shortly after have made landfall near the settlement Kivalina.
At Kivalina the inhabitants on 27 February complained on the lack of sea ice because of by man-made global warming. By this, Bering has shown himself to be an excellent administrator and navigator, but not a resolute explorer.Traveling in Italy with Henry James includes all twenty-two of the essays from Italian Hours (except the lengthy "Italy Revisited," from which only the section dealing with Florence is presented) as well as two short excerpts ("The.
Charles Darwin was born in , seven years after his grandfather Erasmus had died. Charles grew up during a conservative period in British and American society, shortly after the Napoleonic Wars. , Traveling in Italy with Henry James: essays / edited by Fred Kaplan Morrow New York, N.Y Wikipedia Citation Please see Wikipedia's template documentation for further .
Alan Pascuzzi is the subject of a feature article in this current issue of PRIMO - 4th edtion Based in Florence, Italy, Pascuzzi has created works of art for churces, public and private clients. On 3 May , Galleria Franco Noero moved its operations to its new headquarters in Via Mottalciata 10/B, in the north of Turin.
Year AD. List of contents. The year that Europe froze solid. Swedish defeat at Poltava. The Aurora Borealis observed in New England.