Issue 1, Fall One of the critical elements for a culture of peace is social justice. Perceptions of injustice lead to discontent, non-cooperation, conflict, civil unrest, and war.
References and Further Reading 1. Musical Traditions Social transformation effected through music—so-called Peace through Art—is an approach that has been under-theorized. One of the few theorizers and practitioners who seeks to advance our understanding of social justice through art and music is John Paul Lederach, whose peace-building work focuses on conflict transformation through sonic capacities to promote social healing.
His work with fractured communities emphasizes the restoration of voice, a concept he has found particularly resonant with people who are struggling to repair their violent communities In the interest of providing a sense of the sonic diversity of effective musical backdrops, this account of music and social justice is introduced through a discussion of musical types and traditions.
Origins and Impacts of Blues and Jazz One of the most influential historians of the blues is Amiri Baraka who, writing as Leroi Jones in his first book Blues People, explores the African-American experience of the nation through music.
This history of adaptation Baraka traces is one in which the songs become more complex and more secular, leaving aside the theme of deliverance into heaven that characterized African-American musical production in slavery in favor of a more immediately empowering emphasis on self-determination.
The blues thus functioned as a repository of cultural engagement, its lyrical content evolving over time to reflect whatever social challenges African-American communities were facing at the time.
One notable instance of blues reflecting African-American struggles for respect and legitimacy in Social justice in the us essay public sphere was the collaboration between jazz great Count Basie and author Richard Wright of Native Son fame on a piece called King Joe The Joe Louis Blues that valorized the boxer as the pride of his community at the same moment that anti-lynching campaigns were finally starting to gain traction in the Jim Crow South.
Both Baraka and Albert Murray, another prominent African-American historian of uniquely American music, Social justice in the us essay the story of jazz in such a way as to underscore its birth out of the blues. For Baraka, one of the more coherent ways of defining jazz is as a synthesis of European instrumentation and the African-derived polyrhythms that, fundamentally, are the blues—even as jazz developed its own trajectory.
These movements stressed the need for community self-sufficiency in the face of a systemically racist white majoritarian society and although the black nationalist a.
The self-sufficiency message Kofsky finds in jazz proto-nationalism is a celebration of a unique African-American aesthetic, one that contested the aesthetic imperialism of the white critics who promoted the value and determined the negotiating power of the mostly black musicians within the system of white-owned recording and performance institutions.
At the height of the free jazz movement, self-sufficiency imperatives were the driving force behind the independent recording facilities and cooperatively owned performance venues with which Coltrane, Coleman, and Charles Mingus, among others, experimented.
They were also a factor in the political stances taken by many of the free jazz musicians—anti-war, anti-colonialism, anti-enslavement, and broadly supportive of the Pan-Africanism that flourished in the wake of African decolonization movements. Its most enduring legacy, however, was the credence it gave to a counter-narrative about what constituted aesthetic value.
White critics used a theoretical framework developed for Western art music so-called classical music to evaluate the originality, authenticity, and artistic complexity of a musical tradition that came out of the African-American experience.
Folk Music, Rock Music, and Protest Songs The protest songs of folk music have a long history of engagement with social justice struggles for abolition of slavery, universal suffrage, and other human rights agendas, but really began to assert their power during the unionization drives emerging out of the industrialization of wealthy societies.
Margolick recounts fights breaking out in nightclubs after it was performed and Billie Holiday herself being attacked by distraught and traumatized patrons. This moment that has come to symbolize the essence of Woodstock was a masterful performance, and critique, of an anthem whose lyrics valorize the resilience of a people under attack.
Shifting between faithful rendition and strategic distortion, Hendrix forcefully shows his audience the moral inconsistency of a nation that sang this song at the same time as it dropped bombs on the people of other nations.
Murray 24; quoted in Daley Disco, Punk, and Hip-hop The music that accompanied industrial decline in Western industrialized nations—notably the United States and the United Kingdom—articulated two distinct responses to the foreclosure of empowerment and idealism that the counterculture of the s had nurtured.
Disco, with its elaborate costumes, exhibitionist focus on dance, and attendant drug culture, represented a turning away from political challenges, a refusal to deal with social problems, and a desire for momentary pleasures.
Punk, on the other hand, was a howl of rage from working class youth who saw, and rejected in no uncertain terms, the hypocrisy of the social establishment and the increasing inaccessibility of economic opportunities for the socio-economically disadvantaged.
Disco was stereotypically identified with African-American performers albeit predominantly white consumers whereas punk was typed as a British phenomenon, although, in fact, both musical constituencies could be found in any of the wealthy nations that were starting in the s to wrestle with de-industrialization, wage stagnation, and the corporate restructuring now known as outsourcing.
Elements of both of these musical responses to social marginalization and injustice are synthesized in hip-hop, the most popular musical form for expression of protest worldwide in the following period. Rap Music and Black Culture in Contemporary America, sociologist Tricia Rose theorizes the hip-hop universe of her youth as emerging from a post-industrial nightmare in which the ethnic poor were being crowded out of public space, and creative protest was fostered in the effort to reclaim for the people the neighborhoods that were being torn apart to build expressways into the city for affluent suburban commuters Into this unacknowledged war on the poor and the marginalized came the interplay of technology, economics, and culture at the origin of hip-hop, what Rose describes as a practice of appropriating cultural refuse for pleasure Subways, street corners, abandoned parks were occupied by listeners and dancers as political spaces.
It was an intransigent, unapologetic assertion of the right of all human beings to take up public space, to interact with each other and with the music that informed these politicized, reclaimed spaces.
Contemporary Protest As noted in the previous section, much of the protest of injustice that is expressed musically in the early 21st century is done so through hip-hop.
But the resonance that hip-hop has for youth in many different cultures should not blind us to the diversity of music—traditional and improvised—through which justice appeals speak to people.
The discussions in this section should therefore be read not as a comprehensive overview, but as a selection of examples that showcase the diversity of musical styles that are speaking justice around the world. Communal and Community-based Music Making in Democratic States One of the most inspiring instances of music expressing the ethos to which a community aspires can be found in the response of the Norwegian people to the shocking mass murder committed in the summer of by right-wing extremist Anders Behring Breivik.
One might expect a community that has been devastated by mass-murder to react with rage and calls for harsh punishment for the perpetrator, especially given that many of his victims were young people.
One might also expect heated public debates about gun control and the need for better early diagnosis and intervention in matters of mental health.
This community response took place in a public square close to the courthouse in which Breivik was being tried, and some participants spoke of their hope that he could hear their response.Key Social Issues In The Criminal Justice System Essays and Term Papers Search Results for 'key social issues in the criminal justice system' Key Social Issues Contributing To The Service Of The Criminal Justice Practitioner.
The Winners of the Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Social Justice Award Essay Contest February 23, Congratulations to Carisa Kramer, Sheyanne Omron, Ashley Potosky, Krystina Stepien, Amanda Utley and Kayla Viaene on being the winners of the Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
Social Justice Award Essay . The Significance of Religions for Social Justice and a Culture of Peace. Patricia M. Mische. Volume 1.
Issue 1, Fall Justice takes us to the roots of the social order, in particular to the matter of its legitimacy. “Pacifism in Early Christianity,” The Whole Earth Papers 10 (): ;. Social Justice Essay. A general definition of social justice is hard to arrive at and even harder to implement.
In essence, social justice is concerned with equal justice, not just in the courts, but in all aspects of society. What is Social Justice? Social Justice Solutions explores news, topics, and issues about social justice in the modern world. Submit your ideas and comments.
It’s a damaging practice that targets the very core of an individual’s identity—and in the United States, it is still legal for minors in 36 states. Essay on The Jungle Upton Sinclair. The problem of the sexual harassment was a norm because the attempt of Jurgis to regain justice and revenge on his sister’s boss resulted in Jurgis’ imprisonment.
the book Jungle by Upton Sinclair reveals the social injustice that persisted in the US in the early 20 th century. However, the book.