He was more interested in hunting than in the affairs of the country. France needed a strong leader and Louis XVI was shy and awkward. He was not suited for the job. He married Marie Antoinette at the age of 15 and became king at the age of 20 after his father, King Louis the XV, died of smallpox.
Background to the Revolution The French Revolution began in It was more complex, more violent, and more radical than the American Revolution. It tried to create both a new political order and a new social order.
The immediate causes of the French Revolution were economic problems at the time, but there were also long range problems that created an environment for revolution.
Before the revolution, French society was based on inequality. France was divided into three orders, or estates. The First Estate consisted of the clergy. There were aboutpeople in the First Estate.
They owned about 10 percent of the land and were exempt from the taille, the main tax in France. The Second Estate was the nobility. There were aboutpeople in this estate. They owned about 25 to 30 percent of the land.
They held many of the leading positions in the government, military, courts, and the higher church offices. They were also exempt from the taille.
The Third Estate consisted of the commoners. This was the majority of the French population. The Third Estate was further divided by occupations and wealth.
The peasants were the largest segment of the Third Estate. They were about 75 to 80 percent of the total French population. As a group, they owned about 35 to 40 percent of the land, but over half of them had little or no land on which to survive. Serfdom had been largely eliminated, but French peasants still had obligations to their local landlords.
These relics of feudalism, or aristocratic privileges, were obligations that survived from an earlier age. A rise in consumer prices that was greater than the increase in wages made it difficult for these urban groups to survive.
This struggle for survival led many of these people to play an important role in the revolution. The bourgeoisie, or middle class, was another part of the Third Estate.
This group included about 8 percent of the population, or 2. They owned about 20 to 25 percent of the land. This group included merchants, bankers, industrialists, doctors, lawyers, and writers.Likewise, Louis XVI was overthrown fortunately, which gave the crown to Robespierre and eventually to dictator, Napoleon Bonaparte, who was able to create a stable economy and equalized taxes.
I think the French Revolution definitely gave people some sense leading to stabilizing their way of life. He was the brother of the executed king, Louis XVI. The new king had little support, and Napoleon was able to slip back into France.
When troops were sent to capture him, they went over to his side. Napoleon entered Paris in triumph on March 20, Napoleon raised another army and moved to attack the nearest allied forces in Belgium.
Read this History Other Essay and over 89, other research documents. Dbq French Revolution. The French revolution of had many long-range causes.
Political, social, and economical conditions in France contributed to the discontent /5(1). King Louis XVI also used his power to arrest anyone without trial by using the lettres de cachet. Next, the government taxed the peasants heavily.
According to the Jackson J. Spielvogel, Word History, there were three estates in the Pre-Revolutionary France. Powers of the king.—The King, Louis XVI, was absolute. He ruled by the divine right theory which held that he had received his power to govern from God and was therefore responsible to God alone.
He appointed all civil officials and military officers. He made and . France needed a strong leader and Louis XVI was shy and awkward. He was not suited for the job.
He married Marie Antoinette at the age of 15 and became king at the age of 20 after his father, King Louis the XV, died of smallpox. Louis the XVI was misguided and persuaded by his wife's extravagance.