Each of these three branches study Public Administration from a different perspective.
Classical Theory of Public Administration Classical Theory of Public Administration There have been several discussions and arguments regarding whether public administration can be categorized as a Science or as an Art. During our discussion of the topic earlier, we had come across authors and social scientists who vehemently supported the cause that public administration was a science indeed and amongst the most notable supporters of this theory where Luther Gulick and Lyndall Urvick.
Gulick and Urvick were born in faraway lands from each other, Gulick in Japan while Urvick in Britain. He served as the administrator of the New York City for 2 years during and was also the president of the Institute of Public Administration, New York from Col of the British army.
Urwick was also associated with several international management institutes and published several books like The Management of Tomorrow: He was also a well reputed and renowned industrial consultant who worked extensively for introducing the management education in UK.
Urwick edited the most important work, Papers on the Science of Administration presented by Gulick in Both of these thinkers were greatly influenced by Fayol and Taylor and the idea of machine model of the man.
All this combined with their respective military and industrial background led them to propose the Classical Theory of Management or the Administrative Management Theory.
The classical theory projects public administration as a science. Both these authors argued that like the stream of engineering became science through methods of empirical observation, systematic finding and recordings over a period of time similarly, public administrators can create the science of administration.
Both the authors also stressed on the importance of the structure of the organization. Urwick wrote that lack of structure can lead to a lot of inefficiencies and confusion within an organization and Gulick went ahead to identify 10 principles on which the organizational structure can be designed.
Below are the 10 principles as listed by Gulick: Division of labor or what we call specialization Departmental Organization.Organization Theory: Selected Classic Readings by Derek Pugh This book spans seventy years of theory from Max Weber's seminal writings on bureaucratic organization to the latest management thinking represented by Handy, Peters and Waterman.
Political Philosophy: Methodology. Political philosophy begins with the question: what ought to be a person's relationship to society? The subject seeks the application of ethical concepts to the social sphere and thus deals with the variety of forms of government and social existence that people could live in – and in so doing, it also provides a standard by which to analyze and judge.
Jun 27, · Classical management theory and human relations theory represent two views of management on the opposite ends of the spectrum. One view focuses on looking at workers solely as a means to get work. Decision making under risk is presented in the context of decision analysis using different decision criteria for public and private decisions based on decision criteria, type, and quality of available information together with risk assessment.
Index Organizational Theory and Behavior © , David S.
Walonick, Ph.D. Classical Organization Theory. Classical organization theory evolved during the first half. (c) Structure-line and staff. (d) Span of control.
The classical theory has relevant insight into the nature of the organisation. The theory concentrates on the structure of formal organisation neglecting the interplay of individual personality, informal or social groups and intra-organisational conflicts.