Annotated bibliography on alcoholic liver disease ald

This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract The harmful use of alcohol is a worldwide problem.

Annotated bibliography on alcoholic liver disease ald

Print Alcoholic liver disease ALD is the result of liver damage caused by the excess consumption of alcohol. Over time, that damage can become serious.

ALD is a broad term applied to varying degrees of alcohol-related liver injury. These are categorized into three stages: Alcoholic fatty liver disease Alcoholic hepatitis Chronic hepatitis with hepatic fibrosis or cirrhosis Alcoholic fatty liver disease, or simple steatosis, is the mildest stage of ALD.

The terms steatosis and fatty liver both refer to the accumulation of fat in the liver. At this stage, the injury to the liver is minimal. In addition to fat accumulation, there is inflammation of the liver. As a result, the liver is scarred, which is known as fibrosis.

If AH progresses, cirrhosis may develop. The severity of AH can range from mild to severe, and it can occur suddenly. Mild AH is reversible if a person stops drinking. If drinking continues, severe AH may cause serious complications including liver failure and death.

Annotated bibliography on alcoholic liver disease ald

Cirrhosis occurs when scar tissue replaces healthy liver tissue and blocks the normal flow of blood through the liver.

Cirrhosis is a serious condition and may lead to liver cancer, liver failure and death.

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Previously, alcoholic hepatitis and alcoholic cirrhosis were called alcoholic steatohepatitis ASHa term that is still used occasionally.

Alcoholic liver disease is caused by drinking more alcohol than the liver can process. How much that is depends on the amounts and frequency of alcohol use.

Before discussing how much alcohol may cause ALD, here are standard measurements used in the United States to measure the amount of alcohol in drinks.

A standard drink contains about 14 grams of alcohol. This is equivalent to: Women were at risk with as little as 20 grams per day in the same time span. Another study found risk of cirrhosis in those who drank more than kilograms in a lifetime, which is an average of 30 grams per day.

In standard drink measurements, a woman who drinks as more than one drink per day may risk liver injury. Men may tolerate higher amounts, but the amounts are best kept to a maximum of two drinks. People who drink alcohol during meals seem to have less of a risk than those who drink in between meals.

Compared to wine drinkers, there may be more risk for cirrhosis among those who drink beer and spirits. However, this may be because wine is more likely to be consumed during meals.

Annotated bibliography on alcoholic liver disease ald

What are the symptoms of ALD? Fatigue, feeling weak and abdominal discomfort are the most common symptoms of alcoholic fatty liver disease, but some people may not have any complaints.Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is the result of liver damage caused by the excess consumption of alcohol.

The liver processes what the body needs and discards what it doesn’t need, including alcohol. Jan 16,  · Phenytoin, formerly known as diphenylhydantoin, is perhaps the most commonly used major anticonvulsant agent, and is a rare but well known cause of acute idiosyncratic drug induced liver disease that can be severe and even fatal.

Orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) is the only definitive treatment for end-stage liver disease, including alcoholic liver disease (ALD).

Because of a shortage of donor organs, OLT for ALD patients remains controversial out of concerns that patients may resume drinking, thereby harming the transplanted by: Jan 30,  · Naltrexone therapy is typically given to patients with a high background rate of liver disease (injection drug use or alcoholism) and has been associated with variable rates of serum enzyme elevations (0% to 50%), values above 3 times the upper limit of normal occurring in approximately 1% of patients and occasionally leading to drug discontinuation.

Studies in animals such as fish can therefore elucidate common mechanisms of liver disease. Liver disease is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, 1 so methods to effectively diagnose, treat, and prevent these diseases are urgently needed. Clinical studies have clearly defined the consequences of liver damage, fibrosis, cirrhosis, cancer, and hepatic failure and have shown both .

In , alcoholic liver disease (ALD) caused half a million deaths worldwide, accounting for 50% of all liver disease-related mortality. An additional 80, deaths resulted from alcohol-related hepatocellular carcinoma (Rehm J et al …….Dugum M et al, ).

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