He was born as a royal prince in BC in a place called Lumbini, which was originally in northern India but is now part of Nepal. His parents gave him the name Siddhartha and there were many wonderful predictions about his future. In his early years he lived as a prince in his royal palace but when he was 29 years old he retired to the forest where he followed a spiritual life of meditation.
Before Common Eracommerce and cash became increasingly important in an economy previously dominated by self-sufficient production and bartered exchange.
Merchants found Buddhist moral and ethical teachings an attractive alternative to the esoteric rituals of the traditional Brahmin priesthood, which seemed to cater exclusively to Brahmin interests while ignoring those of the new and emerging social classes.
Ashoka the great and Mauryan empire Map of the Buddhist missions during the reign of Ashoka. This heralded a long period of stability under the Buddhist emperor. The power of the empire was vast—ambassadors were sent to other countries to propagate Buddhism. Greek envoy Megasthenes describes the wealth of the Mauryan capital.
Stupaspillars and edicts on stone remain at SanchiSarnath and Mathuraindicating the extent of the empire. He ruled from Taxila and later from Sagala Sialkot.
Parthians continued to support Greek artistic traditions in Gandhara. Kushan rulers were supporters of Buddhist institutions, and built numerous stupas and monasteries. During this period, Gandharan Buddhism spread through the trade routes protected by the Kushans, out through the Khyber pass into Central Asia.
This was also a key period for the consolidation of the epistemological-logical pramana school of Buddhist philosophy. Apart from the many foreign pilgrims who came to India at this time, especially from China and Tibet, there was a smaller but important flow of Indian pandits who made their way to Tibet Bodhidharma lived during the 5th or 6th century and is traditionally credited as the transmitter of Chan Buddhism to China.
Padmasambhava lived during the 8th-century and is credited for the construction of the first Buddhist monastery in Tibet at Samye. In the Edicts of Ashoka, Ashoka mentions the Hellenistic kings of the period as a recipient of his Buddhist proselytism.
Roman Historical accounts describe an embassy sent by the "Indian king Pandion Pandya? The embassy was travelling with a diplomatic letter in Greekand one of its members was a sramana who burned himself alive in Athensto demonstrate his faith.
The event made a sensation and was described by Nicolaus of Damascuswho met the embassy at Antiochand related by Strabo XV,1,73  and Dio Cassius liv, 9. A tomb was made to the sramana, still visible in the time of Plutarchwhich bore the mention: Gandharan monks Jnanagupta and Prajna contributed through several important translations of Sanskrit sutras into Chinese language.
The Indian dhyana master Buddhabhadra was the founding abbot and patriarch  of the Shaolin Temple. Buddhist monk and esoteric master from South India 6th centuryKanchipuram is regarded as the patriarch of the Ti-Lun school. This, then, would be the first appearance of Vietnamese Zen, or Thien Buddhism.
Padmasambhavain Sanskrit meaning "lotus-born", is said to have brought Tantric Buddhism to Tibet in the 8th century. Indian monks, such as Vajrabodhialso travelled to Indonesia to propagate Buddhism.
Decline of Buddhism in India[ edit ] Further information: Khaliji destroyed the Nalanda and Vikramshila universities during his raids across North Indian plains, massacring many Buddhist and Brahmin scholars.
Regardless of the religious beliefs of their kings, states usually treated all the important sects relatively even-handedly.
Donations were most often made by private persons such as wealthy merchants and female relatives of the royal family, but there were periods when the state also gave its support and protection.
In the case of Buddhism, this support was particularly important because of its high level of organization and the reliance of monks on donations from the laity. State patronage of Buddhism took the form of land grant foundations.
In parallel, the Gupta kings built Buddhist temples such as the one at Kushinagara,   and monastic universities such as those at Nalanda, as evidenced by records left by three Chinese visitors to India.
Advaita Vedanta proponent Adi Shankara is believed to have "defeated Buddhism" and established Hindu supremacy. This rivalry undercut Buddhist patronage and popular support. India was now Brahmanic, not Buddhistic; Al-Biruni could never find a Buddhistic book or a Buddhist person in India from whom he could learn.
With the Islamic invasion and expansion, and central Asians adopting Islam, the trade route-derived financial support sources and the economic foundations of Buddhist monasteries declined, on which the survival and growth of Buddhism was based.
It is known that Buddhists continued to exist in India even after the 14th century from texts such as the Chaitanya Charitamrita. This text outlines an episode in the life of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu —a Vaisnava saint, who was said to have entered into a debate with Buddhists in Tamil Nadu.
A Jain author Gunakirti wrote a Marathi text, Dhamramrita,  where he gives the names of 16 Buddhist orders.
Johrapurkar noted that among them, the names Sataghare, Dongare, Navaghare, Kavishvar, Vasanik and Ichchhabhojanik still survive in Maharashtra as family names.A Brief History of Buddhism In the late 6th Century B.C.E, Sidharta Gautama founded Buddhism.
Buddhism a religion or philosophy that teaches tenents about overcoming desire to alleviate suffering, compassion, wisdom and moderation in . The major systems and their literature Theravada. Theravada (Pali: “Way of the Elders”; Sanskrit, Sthaviravada) emerged as one of the Hinayana (Sanskrit: “Lesser Vehicle”) schools, traditionally numbered at 18, of early Buddhism.
The Theravadins trace their lineage to the Sthaviravada school, one of two major schools (the Mahasanghika was the other) that supposedly formed in the wake.
The origin of Buddhism points to one man, Siddhartha Gautama, the historical Buddha, who was born in Lumbini (in present-day Nepal) during the 5th century BCE. Rather than the founder of a new religion, Siddhartha Gautama was the founder and leader of a sect of wanderer ascetics (Sramanas), one of many sects that existed at that time all over India.
Buddha (c. s B.C.E.) The historical Buddha, also known as Gotama Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, and Buddha Śākyamuni, was born in Lumbini, in the Nepalese region of Terai, near the Indian border.
Analysis of Buddhism and Buddha This paper will be a discussion and analysis of Buddhism, Buddha, their history and their philosophy. The founding principles and teachings of Buddhism, the concept of nirvana and Buddhism' impact on other cultures will be addressed.
The history of the Buddhism begins with the enlightenment of the Buddha. At the age of thirty-five, he awakened from the sleep of delusion that grips all beings in an endless vicious cycle of ignorance and unnecessary suffering (around BCE).